Children who lost their parents before 1935, were generally raised by relatives or neighbors. Most times those children's surname would be changed to the family that raised them. Changes in identity were common and simple before 1935 since there were no formal arrangements and no going through the court system, however; legal documents were necessary after 1935 when the Social Security Act was signed.
This is relevant in the case of Elwood (11 Aug 1922 Lavelle, Schuylkill, Pennsylvania) and Gloria Krapf (10 Apr 1924 Lavelle, Schuylkill, Pennsylvania). Elwood and Gloria were the children of John William Reichwein (1869-1974) and Anna Krapf (1903-1924). This is their story.
Let's start with Elwood and Gloria's parents, John William and Anna Krapf Reichwein.
Here is a bio for John William Reichwein found on ancestry via The Shamokin News.
Printed in Shamokin News - Oct 2, 2012 - A flag raising ceremony in Mount Carmel, flag presented by his daughter Catherine Fantina.
They were married 28 Dec 1921 in Schuylkill, Pennsylvania. John was 25 and Anna was 18.
|John W Reichwein and Anna M Krapf,FamilySearch ( https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/KMZM-MGG : accessed 19 Oct 2013)|
John and Anna had two children, Elwood in 1922 and Gloria in 1924. Anna Krapf Reichwein died on 29 Nov 1924 at the age of 21.
|Anna Krapf Reichwein|
|Anna Krapf Reichwein Headstone|
John married Kathryn Bosche in 1925. I am not sure when Elwood and Gloria went to live with their grandparents; however, by 1930 they are living with Anna's parents John and Margaret Quinton Krapf.
|John Krapf Family 1930 Census|
Butler, Schuylkill, Pennsylvania
17 Apr 1930
The names of the family show as:
|R Elwood Krapf||7|
|R Gloria Krapf||5|
Notice the "R" in front Elwood and Gloria's name. Does the "R" stand for their actual last name Reichwein? If not, then what does it mean? As you can see they already have the Krapf surname.
The 1940 census only shows Elwood C "son" and Gloria "daughter" to Margaret Krapf (who is widowed at this time).
|Margaret Krapf Family 1940 Census|
Lavelle, Butler, Schuylkill, Pennsylvania
29 Apr 1940
So now you know why you have the surname Krapf and not Reichwein.